Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the process of applying scientific-based interventions through one-on-one therapy in order to reduce inappropriate behavior and increase communication, learning, and socially appropriate behavior alternatives. ABA therapy is endorsed by the United States Surgeon General for individuals with autism and other developmental delays.
Some Effective Teaching Techniques:
- Positive reinforcement: a stimulus is added and the behavior increases. Example: The client gets a sticker after completing the activity.
- Errorless teaching: reduce student errors through teaching methods that ensure high levels of correct responding- decreasing the amount of allowed incorrect responses
- Intersperse easy and hard tasks
- Use a quick and natural pace
- Mix and vary tasks
- Correct and quick responding
Verbal Behavior (VB)
Verbal Behavior (VB) is a communication technique using the principles the theories of behaviorist B.F. Skinner. Its purpose is to become a motivational tool connecting words to their purpose and giving them value. This value allows the individual to obtain desired objects or other results.
A few examples of this type of communication include:
- Mand: Usually a demand, request or command. Example: “I want the toy”.
- Tact: Used to draw attention to an object. Example: “Look what I’m doing”.
- Echoic: A repetition or imitation of a target sound, word, or phrase. Example: If you say “Cookie” and the child repeats “Cookie”.
- Imitation: Client imitates the actions of others; including fine and gross motor activities. Example: Sign language. “Sign ball”.
- Listener Responding (LR): The child responding to a placed demand. Example: “Touch the train”. Child touches the train.